Gum disease, or gingivitis, is inflammation of the gums surrounding and supporting the teeth and is most commonly a result of poor dental hygiene. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily when teeth are brushed or flossed.
Gingivitis starts as food debris mixes with saliva and bacteria-forming plaque that sticks on the surfaces of teeth. If dental plaque and tartar aren't removed by brushing with toothpaste and flossing, it can become mineralized and form tartar, or calculus. Tartar is very hard and can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning.
Bad breath is often caused by a buildup of bacteria in your mouth that causes inflammation and gives off noxious odours or gases that smell like sulphur or worse.
If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the underlying bone gets infected, it will start to recede away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets collect plaque and bacteria as they are very difficult to keep clean, and more bone loss occurs. As periodontal disease progresses and more bone tissue is lost, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out.
Factors causing Gum diseases:-